Graphene oxide membranes could reduce paper industry energy costs

Graphene oxide membranes could reduce paper industry energy costs

Graphene oxide membranes could reduce paper industry energy costs

The U.S. pulp and paper industry uses large quantities of water to produce cellulose pulp from trees. The water leaving the pulping process contains a number of organic byproducts and inorganic chemicals. To reuse the water and the chemicals, paper mills rely on steam-fed evaporators that boil up the water and separate it from the chemicals.
Graphene oxide membranes could reduce paper industry energy costs